“智能”制造的管中一窥:3个问题带你了解工业4.0-国际电子商情

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“智能”制造的管中一窥:3个问题带你了解工业4.0

手机在线人成视频MarketsandMarketsDEBAOGAOSHUJUXIANSHI,GONGYE4.0SHICHANG2016NIANDEGUIMOWEI666.7YIMEIYUAN,DAO2022NIANYUJIJIANGDADAO1523.1YIMEIYUAN,FUHENIANZENGZHANGLVZAI14.72%;IoT AnalyticsDESHUJUZERENWEI,GONGYE4.0SHICHANGDEFUHENIANZENGZHANGLVKEYIDADAO37%,DAO2023NIAN,SHICHANGGUIMOKEDADAO3100YIMEIYUAN。

ZAIBANDAOTIXINGYETANDAOGONGYE4.0SHI,ZHISHAOYINGGAICONGLIANGGECENGMIANLAIKANGONGYE4.0DEFAZHAN。QIYISHIBANDAOTIXINGYEBENSHENZUOWEITUIDONGGONGYE4.0HEZHINENGZHIZAOFAZHANDEDICENGLILIANG——RUCHUANGAN、AI、TONGXUNJISHUSHI,QIJIAZHITIXIAN;QIERSHIBANDAOTIZHIZAOGONGCHANG,SHIRUHESHOUHUIYUGONGYE4.0JISHULAIJINYIBUTIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLVDE。

手机在线人成视频BANDAOTILINGYUGENGDUOZAITANDESHIQIANYIGEHUATI,ERZUOWEIZHIZAOYEZUIDINGJIANDECUNZAI,BANDAOTIZHIZAODUIYUGONGYE4.0DEYINGYONGGENGNENGBIAOXIAN“ZHINENG”ZAIZHEIGESHIDAIZHIZAOXINGYEZHONGDEYINGYONGCHENGDU。《GUOJIDIANZISHANGQING》JIZHEZOUFANGLEJIJIADAXINGQIYE,JIEHEYIXIESHUJU,DAZHIKEYIGOULECHUGONGYE4.0ZAIBANDAOTIZHIZAOXINGYEDETUIJINZHUANGKUANG。

半导体制造的工业4.0究竟能干什么?

手机在线人成视频MarketsandMartketsJICHUXIANGDUIGONGYE4.0XIANJIEDUANDEZHUYAOJIAZHI:ZAIGONGYESHEBEILINGYUSHISHIGONGYE4.0,JISHUJIUNENGBANGZHUSHENGCHANZHEFENXISHEBEIYUNXINGZHUANGKUANG,BIMIANJIHUAWAITINGJIHELANGFEI。ZAIZHENGGECHUIZHILINGYU,YUFANGXINGDEWEIHUJIEJUEFANGANYIJINGSHICHENGWEIWEILAI3-4NIANNEIDEZHUYAOZENGZHANGDIAN。ZHEILISHOUXIANJIUBANDAOTIZHIZAODEYUFANGXINGWEIHUJIEJUEFANGANJUGELIZI:

ZAIFASHENGJINGYUANSHENGCHANBULIANGLVGAODEWENTISHI,GONGCHENGSHIZONGSHIXUYAOHUASHUZHOUSHIJIANQUZUOTAOLUNHEFENXI——ZHEIDUISHENGCHANXIAOLVBINGBUSHIHAOSHI。RUGUONENGYOUZHEIYANGYIZHONGJISHU,DUISHENGCHANDEBULIANGPINJINXINGGUILEI,TONGSHIXIANGXILIECHUBULIANGPINDECANSHUSHUJU,ZAIJINGYOUXITONGFENXIDECHUYINGXIANGLIANGLVDECANSHU,BINGANZHAOGUANLIANDUDAXIAODUICANSHUPAIXU,GONGCHANGXIAOLVJIUHUITISHENGHENDUO。

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手机在线人成视频ZAISHANGTUDESHILIZHONG,FAXIANJINGYUANedge patch(JINGYUANBIANYUANDESHENGCHANQUEXIAN)WENTI,ZHIHUIGONGCHANGDEZHUIZONGSHUJULIECHU6GEZUIYOUGUANLIANDUCANSHU。DIYIGECANSHUSHIZAISHIKELIUCHENGDEZUIHOUYIBU,DIANLIUFASHENGXIANZHUJIZENG;DIERGECANSHUZESHIHAIQIZHIMINGXIANJIANGDI。ZHEILIANGGECANSHUBUJINGUANLIANDUZUIGAO,QIEBICIYOULIANXI,ZHEILISHIKELIUCHENGDEZUIHOUYIBUJIUSHIHAIQIFENLI。DIANLIUJIZENGJIYOUKENENGSHIZAIHAIQIFENLIGUOCHENGZHONG,TUOPANFANGZHIBUPINGHENG,YUJINGYUANDEBIANYUANJIECHU,CHANSHENGXIAOFANWEIHUOHUA,QIETUOPANBUFENHAIQIKOUZUSAIZAOCHENGLEHAIQIZHIJIANGDI。

手机在线人成视频ZHEISHI“GONGYE4.0”ZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANDEGENYINFENXI,YESHIJIEYOUBAOKUODASHUJU、AI、IoTDENGJISHUZAINEIDEZHINENGZHIZAOLAITISHENGXIAOLVDELIZI。ZHEIGELIZILAIZIHANGUOZHINENGZHIZAOJIEJUEFANGANGONGYINGSHANGBISTel。

GENYINFENXIZHISHIZHINENGZHIZAODEJICHUNENGLI,ZAIJINYIBUSHI“YUCEXINGFENXI”。BISTelZHONGGUOQUXIAOSHOUZONGJIANWANGFENGGAOSU《GUOJIDIANZISHANGQING》JIZHE:“JIUHAOXIANGNIYOUYILIANGCHE,YIBANSHIMEI5000YINGLIBAOYANGYICI,ZHEISHIJIYUSHIJIANHUOLICHENGDEGUDINGWEIHU,XIAOLVSHIHENDIDE。RUGUONENGSHISHIJIANCEFADONGJIZHUANSU、WENDUDENGSHUJU,JIEHEQILAIFENXI,XITONGKENENGJIUHUIGAOSUNIDANGQIANZHUANGKUANGYUNXINGLIANGHAO,XUYAOZAILIANGGEYUEHOUJINXINGYICIWEIHU。”ZHEIJIUSHIJIYUXIANYOUSHUJUDEZHINENGYUCEWEIHU(data-driven predictive analysis),BIDANCHUNJIYUSHIJIANDEFANGANGENGGAOXIAO,GENGNENGJIANGDICHENGBEN。

落实到半导体制造,典型的例如针对晶圆制造设备的RUL(剩余使用寿命)分析,结合压力、温度、振动等各项参数来分析漂移趋势,借由算法明确当前设备的健康值,并预测设备寿命。
但这些仍然不是工业4.0的全部。以上所述的是监测、分析、预测生产中可能遭遇的挑战;未来还会强调“自适应”,即上面的分析和预测过程可由应用和系统自行完成,“自主地发现、分析和解决问题”。这也是目前智能制造暂未实现的目标,并待AI技术的进一步发展。

工业4.0能带来营收增长吗?

BISTelDEGENYINYUYUCEFENXIDEMUBIAO,YUXIMENZISHUZIGONGCHANG(Digital Factory)YEWUDEJIBENSILUHENLEISI:ZHENDUIZHIZAOXIANSHISHIJIEDEGEBUFENSHITI,YISHUZIHUADEFANGSHIDAZAOZHEIXIESHITIDESHUZIFUKEBAN(Digital Twin),BAOKUOCHANPINBENSHENDESHUZIFUKEBAN、GUANHUCHANPINSHENGCHANYUJIXIAODESHUZIFUKEBANYIJICHANPINSHENGCHANLIUCHENGDESHUZIFUKEBAN。

手机在线人成视频ZHEIYANG,XIANSHIHEXUNISHIJIEJIUCHANSHENGLELIANXI,SHENGCHANZHEZAISHENGCHANQIANQIJIUNENGTONGGUOMONIDEFANGSHILAILEJIECHANPIN、JIQI、SHEBEISHESHIDEYUNZHUANQINGKUANG,GENGHAODILIJIEHEYUCEZHENSHISHENGCHANDEJIXIAOTEXING。ZHEISHISHIXIANZHINENGZHIZAODEYOUYIGEBUTONGCENGJI。

MentorQIANLIANGNIANBINGRUXIMENZISHUZIGONGCHANGYEWUDELUOJIJIUZAIZHEILI:EDA(Electronics Design Automation,DIANZISHEJIZIDONGHUA)DEBENZHIJIUSHIWEIGUANSHIJIEDEMONIHUOSHUZIFUKE,SHIDUIXIMENZISHUZIGONGCHANGYEWUDEBUZU。MentorZHONGGUOQUZONGJINGLILINGLINBIAOSHI:“MentorXIANZAIDENIANDUZENGZHANGLVDAGAISHIZHUYAOJINGZHENGDUISHOUDE1.5-2BEIZHIJIAN”,DANGQIANNIANYINGSHOU“DAYUEZAI42YIMEIYUANZUOYOU”。

CONGEDAYUYINSHUADIANLUBANYEWU,DAODIANZISHEJI、JIXIESHEJILINGYUXIETONG,TIGONGBIHUANSHEJIXITONG,MentorBINGRUXIMENZIGONGYERUANJIANYEWUYIHOU,YIJINGJIBENWANCHENGLECHUANTONGEDACHANGSHANGJIAOSEZHUANXING。42YIMEIYUANZHEIGEJISHUSHIZEYIJINGCHAOGUOLESynopsysHECadenceTONGQINIANDUYINGSHOU,SUIRANZHEIGESHUZISHIZHIXIMENZIPLMJISHURUANJIANDEZONGYINGSHOU,DANMentorZAIGENGZHUANZHUDEGONGYELINGYUSHIXIANYINGSHOUZENGZHANG,XIANRANSHIYIWANGCHUANTONGEDAZHANCHANGHENNANZUODAODE。

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JULEJIE,2018NIANXIMENZISHUZIGONGCHANGYEWUNIANDUYINGSHOUWEI129.32YIOUYUAN,JIAOZHI2017NIANZENGZHANGLE11%。BUJINSHIMentor,XIMENZIHAIZAICHIXUJINXINGGAIYEWUDEJIANBINGHESHOUGOUCAOZUO,BAOKUOTass、Infolytica、SarokalDENG,LAICHIXUBUZUQISHUZIFUKEDENENGLI。

手机在线人成视频XIMENZIZAI2018CAINIANBAOGAOZHONGTIDAO,SHUZIGONGCHANGYEWUSUOYOUYEWUDEDINGDANLIANGHESHOUYIDOUZAIZENGZHANG,DUANQIYEWUJIXIAOFEICHANGCHUSE。DANGQIANKEHUTOUZICHENGZHANGSUDUYAOKUAIYUQISHENGCHANTOURU,BIAOMINGZIDONGHUAHESHUZIHUAYOUXIANGDANGQINGXIDECHENGZHANGQUSHI。

“YOUQISHIZHENGFUBUMENXINGZHIDEFAZHANGULICUOSHIYEZAIFASHENGCUJINZUOYONG,CONGDIYUFENBULAIKANZHONGGUOSHIZHUYAOCHENGZHANGQUDONGLI,TONGSHI,MEIGUODECHENGZHANGQUSHIYEYIRANQIANGJING。”JIASHANGXIMENZI“GUOCHENGGONGYEYUQUDONG(Process Industries and Drives)”YEWUZAIGONGYE4.0SHIJICHANPINSHIXIANSHANGDEPEIHE,XIMENZIYIJIBEISHOUGOUDEMentor,ZHELIYUSHUZIGONGCHANGDEFAZHANSHITOUYIJINGKEYIJIESHIGONGYE4.0SHIFOUZHENDEDAILAILECHENGXIAO。

手机在线人成视频MarketsandMarketsDEBAOGAOSHUJUXIANSHI,GONGYE4.0SHICHANG2016NIANDEGUIMOWEI666.7YIMEIYUAN,DAO2022NIANYUJIJIANGDADAO1523.1YIMEIYUAN,FUHENIANZENGZHANGLVZAI14.72%;IoT AnalyticsDESHUJUZERENWEI,GONGYE4.0SHICHANGDEFUHENIANZENGZHANGLVKEYIDADAO37%,DAO2023NIAN,SHICHANGGUIMOKEDADAO3100YIMEIYUAN。

工业4.0的部署进展如何?

手机在线人成视频GONGYE4.0SHEJIDAODUOFANGMIAN、DUOCENGMIANDEJISHULINGYU,JUEBUJINXIANYUQIANWENTIDAODEZHINENGZHIZAOJIEJUEFANGANYIJISHUZIMONI、CESHIFENXIDENGCENGMIAN。ZHEIYIJISHUREDIANHANGAIDEWANJIAKEYIBAOKUOZHUJIFUWU(RUWEIRUAN)、GONGYEIoTPINGTAI(RUXIMENZI)、CHUANGANQI(RUFesto)、LIANJIE(RUHMS),SHENZHIHAIBAOKUOXIEZUOJIQIREN、XUNIXIANSHI/XIANSHIZENGQIANG、WANGLUOANQUAN、JIQISHIJUEJIEJUEFANGAN、WURENJIDENG。

DANGZHEIXIEJISHUZHENZHENGBUSHUDAOBANDAOTIZHIZAOXIANGGUANQIYEHUISHISHENMEYANGZI?ZHEIKEYICONGLINDE(Linde)DONGYAQUDEYUANCHENGKONGZHIZHONGXINLAIZUOGUANZHONGKUIBAO。DANGQIAN,LINDEYIJINGSHIQUANQIUZUIDADEGONGYEQITIGONGYINGSHANG。WEIBAOKUOBANDAOTI、XIANSHIMIANBANZAINEIDEDIANZICHANYETIGONGJINGYUANZHIZAOSUOXUDEHAIQIJIQITAQITI,SHILINDEDEZHONGYAOYINGSHOULAIYUANZHIYI。

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手机在线人成视频“ZAIZHENGGEZHONGGUODALUFANWEINEI,LINDEYOUZONGGONG350GONGLIDEGUANDAO,8DAGONGYEYUANQU,TONGGUOGUANDAOJIANGQITIGONGYINGJIKEHU。”LIANHUALINDEZHONGGUOQUZONGCAITANGRUIPINGZAIDAILINGWOMENCANGUANWEIYUSHANGHAIDELINDEYUANCHENGKONGZHIZHONGXINSHISHUODAO。

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手机在线人成视频TAHAIBUCHONGDAO:“ZHENDUIKONGFENZHUANGZHI,JIEYOUSHOUJIDAODESHUJU,NENGYUCEZHUANGZHISANGEYUEHOUDEQINGKUANG。DANGFAXIANMOUGESHUJUQUSHIYICHANG,ZAIFACHUJINGBAOQIANWOMENJIUYAOKAISHIZHUNBEIBEIJIAN。”ZHEIHEBISTelDEFANGANHENXIANGSI。

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黄烨锋
欧阳洋葱,编辑、上海记者,专注成像、移动与半导体,热爱理论技术研究。
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