Graphcore IPU:上千个处理器同时工作,且多核之间保持高效通信!-国际电子商情

手机在线人成视频

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Graphcore IPU:上千个处理器同时工作,且多核之间保持高效通信!

手机在线人成视频RENGONGZHINENG(AI)YOUGAINIANDAOLUODIJINGLILEMANZHANGDEYANBIANLICHENG。ZUOWEIXIFANGBANDAOTICHANYEJIEWEIYIDE“DUJIAOSHOU”QIYE,GraphcoreCHENGLIJINJINSANNIAN,XIANHOUXIYINDAOBAOMA、SANXING、DAIER、BOSHI、WEIRUANDENGGUOJIYIXIANDAPINPAIDETOUZI。GraphcoreSHIYIJIAZENYANGDEGONGSI?WEIHETARUCISHOUDAOQINGLAI?

ZAI11YUE7RIYOUASPENCOREZHUBANDE“QUANQIUCEOFENGHUI”SHANG,GraphcoreLIANHECHUANGSHIRENJIANCEO Nigel ToonGEN《GUOJIDIANZISHANGQING》FENXIANGLEXIANGGUANFAZHANCELVE。

Graphcore是一家怎样的公司?

手机在线人成视频HENDUORENDUIGraphcoreZHEIJIAGONGSIGANDAOMOSHENG,TASHIYIJIAYU2016NIANCHUANGBANDERENGONGZHINENGXINPIANSHEJICHUCHUANGGONGSI,ZONGBUWEIYUYINGGUO。QICHULIQIXINPIANZHIJIEDUIBIAOYINGTEER、YINGWEIDAZHILEIDEXINPIANZHIZAOJUTOU,WEIZHINENGJIASHI、YUNFUWUDENGYINGYONGTIGONGGENGLINGHUO、GENGYIYONG、GENGGAOJISHUSHUIZHUNDECHANPINZHICHI。

手机在线人成视频RENGONGZHINENGYINQISHEJIDEFUZAXINGHEGAOMENJIANDEYINGYONG,YIBANDOUBANSUIZHEZIBENDEZHULI,GraphcoreYEBULIWAI。2016NIAN10YUE,GraphcoreHUODEDIYIBIJINEWEI3200WANMEIYUANDEALUNRONGZI;2017NIAN7YUEHUODEYOUOUZHOUVC AtomicoLINGTOUDEJIAZHI3000WANMEIYUANDEBXIRONGZI,TONGYINIANHAIHUODE5000WANMEIYUANDECXILIERONGZI;2018NIAN12YUE,ZAIHUODEAtomicoHETOUZIKONGGUGONGSISofinaGONGTONGLINGTOUDE2YIMEIYUANDEDLUNRONGZI。

手机在线人成视频JIEZHIMUQIAN,GraphcoreGONGHUODE3.25YIMEIYUANDETOUZI,GONGSISHIZHIDADAO17YIMEIYUAN。2019NIAN10YUE21RI,HURUNYANJIUYUANFABU《2019HURUNQUANQIUDUJIAOSHOUBANG》,GraphcorePAIMINGDI138WEI,SHIXIFANGBANDAOTICHANYEJIEWEIYIDE“DUJIAOSHOU”QIYE。

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手机在线人成视频GraphcoreSUOYOUDETOUZIZHE,DOUDUIQIQIJIANZHINENGCHULIQIDANYUAN(IPU)DEQIANLIHENGANXINGQU。Nigel ToonQIANGDIAOLEHONGSHANZIBENDUIGraphcoreDETOUZI。TABIAOSHI:“HONGSHANZIBENCHULETOUZIGraphcore,HAITOUZILEYEJIEHENDUOZHIMINGDECHANGSHANG,HONGSHANTOUZIRENDEZHIGraphcoreZUODESHIQINGFEICHANGYOUQUQIEJIJUCHUANGXINXING,SUOYIZHAODAOWOMENTANTOUZISHIYI。”

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Graphcore联合创始人兼CEO Nigel Toon

IPU处理器有何不同?

CONGCPU、GPUDAOFPGAZAIDAOASIC,RENGONGZHINENGXINPIANJISHUZHENDUIBUTONGDEYINGYONGCHANGJING,DOUHUIDUISUANLI、SUANFADENGYAOQIUBUDUANSHENGJI。GraphcoreDEIPUCHULIQISHIWANQUANBUTONGYUQIANMIANJILEICHULIQILEIXINGDEQUANXINJIAGOUDEAICHULIQICHANPIN。

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Graphcore的IPU处理器

手机在线人成视频Graphcore DEIPUTEDIANKEGAIKUOWEI:(1)TONGSHIZHICHI Training HE Inference;(2)CAIYONGTONGGOUDUOHE(many-core)JIAGOU,CHAOGUO1000GEDULIDECHULIQI;(3)ZHICHI all-to-allDEHEJIANTONGXIN,CAIYONGBulk Synchronous ParallelDETONGBUJISUANMOXING;(5)CAIYONGDALIANGPIANSHANGSRAM,BUXUYAOWAIBUDRAM。

JUJIESHAO,IPUCHULIQISHIQIJINWEIZHIZUIFUZADECHULIQIXINPIAN,TAZAIYIGE16NAMIXINPIANSHANGYOUJIHU240YIGEJINGTIGUAN,MEIGEXINPIANTIGONG125 teraFLOPSYUNSUANNENGLI。YIGEBIAOZHUN4UJIXIANGZHONGKEYICHARU8ZHANGKA,KAJIANTONGGUOIPU-LinkHULIAN。8ZHANGKASHANGDEIPUKEYIKANZUOYIGECHULIQIGONGZUO,TIGONG 1.6PetaFLOPSDEYUNSUANNENGLI。

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YUCPUHEGPUBUTONG,IPUSHIZHUANMENWEIAI/Machine LearningSHEJIDECHULIQI。IPUQIANGDADEBINGXINGCHULINENGLI,SHIXIANLEKUAISUXUNLIANMOXINGHESHISHICAOKONG,ZHEISHIDEGraphcoreNENGGOUZAIZIRANYUYANCHULIYIJILIJIEZIDONGJIASHIFANGMIANQUDEZHONGDAJINZHAN,ZHEISHIQUBIEYUQITACHULIQIDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。

“WOMENJIECHUGUODESUOYOUCHUANGXINZHEDOUSHUOSHIYONGGPUZHENGZAIZUAITAMENCHUANGXIN。RUGUOZIXIKANYIXIATAMENZHENGZAIYANJIUDEMOXINGLEIXING,NIHUIFAXIANTAMENZHUYAOYANJIUJUANJISHENJINGWANGLUO。YINWEIDIGUISHENJINGWANGLUOHEQITALEIXINGDEJIEGOU,BINGBUNENGHENHAODIYINGSHEDAOGPU,JIASHANGMEIYOUZUGOULIANGHAODEYINGJIANPINGTAI,QIYANJIULINGYUSHOUDAOXIANZHI。ERZHEIZHENGSHIWOMENJIANGIPUTUIXIANGSHICHANGDEYUANYIN。”Nigel ToonSHUO。

Graphcore IPUWEIJIQIZHINENGTIGONGLEGENGGAOXIAODECHULIPINGTAI。“MUQIAN,YINGYONGDUANYOUYUELAIYUEDUODEXUQIUCHUXIAN,DANZHURUCPU、GPUDENGHENNANYOUJISHUTUPO。ERIPUDETESEZAIYU,SUDUFEICHANGKUAI,KEYIZHICHENGHENDUOBUTONGDESHENJINGXITONG,KEYIZUOCHUXINDEJISHUTUPO。”Nigel ToonQIANGDIAOSHUO,YOUYIDIANFEICHANGMINGQUE,IPUSHIYIGECHULIQI,JIYUZHEIYANGYIGECHULIQIHEYIXIESUANFA,GraphcoreKEYITONGGUORUANJIANLAISHIXIAN,BAOZHENGLEZUGOUDELINGHUOXING。

CHULECPUHEGPU,FPGABEIRENKESHIXIANJIEDUANJIAOHAODESHIXIANAIGONGNENGDECHULIQICHANPIN,TEBIESHIQIBINGXINGJISUANNENGLI,SHIYONGYUYUNDUANJIASUYINGYONG。

“DAJIACHANGCHANGDUICPUJIEJUEBULEDEWENTI,SHITUYONGFPGALAIJIEJUE,QISHIFPGAYONGDEDALIANGCHANGJINGBUZAIAILINGYU,ERSHIZAIWANGLUOHECUNCHUJIASULIMIAN。LINGWAI,ZHENDUIAIYINGYONG,FPGAWUFAZHICHIXUNLIAN,LINGWAIYIYONGXINGCHA,ZHIKEYIZUOYIXIEinferenceCHANGJING。ERIPUHENMINGQUE,ZHUANWEIJIQIZHINENGHUOAIYINGYONGCHANGJINGSHEJI,KETONGSHIZUOXUNLIANHETUILI。” GraphcoreXIAOSHOUFUZONGCAILUTAOBUCHONGBIAOSHI,“IPUSHIYIGECHULIQI,ZHENDUIIPUWOMENKAIFALEYITAOJIAOZUO Poplar DERUANJIAN,DUICHENGXUYUANLAISHUO,ZAI IPU SHANGJINXINGKAIFAJIUSHIXIEYIGETensorFlowHUOZHEPytorch DECHENGXU,KENENGJIUJISHIXINGDAIMA,YIYONGXINGFEICHANGHAO。”

相比竞品,IPU有哪些优势?

ZAIJUDASHICHANGQIANJINGDETUIDONGYIJIJUEZIBENDEJIACHIZHIXIA,MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGCHUXIANLEHENDUORENGONGZHINENGXINPIANGONGSI,QIZHONGBUFADUJIAOSHOUQIYE。

Nigel ToonBIAOSHI:“WOMENDEZUOFASHIWANQUANBUTONGDE。RUGUONIKANYIXIAMUQIANSHIMIANSHANGBIJIAOGUANGFANYINGYONGDEXUNLIANXINPIAN,NIJIUHUIFAXIAN,TAMENDOUSHIBIJIAOLEISIYUGPUDETUXINGCHULIDANYUAN,TAMENZUOCHULAIDEXINPIANZAICHUANGXINDEBUFENWEIHUQIWEI。DANSHIGraphcoreHENBUYIYANG,WOMENYOUZAIGENGDACENGMIANSHANGJINXINGCHUANGXIN,ERBUSHIXIAODEGAIJIN。IPU TONGSHIYOUSHANGQIANGECHULIQIZAIGONGZUO,DANGEIPUDECUNCHUDAIKUANNENGDADAO45TB,BIXINGNENGZUIKUAIDEHBMTISHENGLE50BEIYISHANG,QIEZAIXIANGTONGSUANLIDEJICHUSHANGNENGHAOJIANGLEYIBAN。”

手机在线人成视频JULEJIE,JIEZHUGraphcoreDEIPU,YIGEWANZHENGDEJIQIXUEXIMOXINGKEYIZAICHULIQINEIBUSHENGCHENG。ERQIEIPUCHULIQIJUYOUSHUBAIZHAOZIJIEDERAM,KEZAICHULIQISHANGYI1.6 GHzDESULVQUANSUYUNXING,LINGWAIQIZHONGDEYANCHIYIBEIXIANCHENGYINZANG。Nigel ToonJIESHISHUO,YIGE4UJIXIANGZHONGYOU16GEIPU,TAJIANGSHIYONGHUYONGYOUWUKEBINIDENEICUNDAIKUAN,QISHANGYUNXINGLECHENGQIANSHANGWANDEXIANCHENG,ERQIETONGSHIYUNXING,ZHEISHIGraphcoreDEYIJIASUJIQIZHINENGGONGZUODEBUFENYUANYIN。

Nigel Toon表示,Graphcore的IPU相比友商竞品,有三个核心区别:

  • 一是处理器的“核”的架构不同,IPU 是 MIMD 的架构;
  • 二是Graphcore的knowledge model在处理器之内;
  • 三是IPU能解决大规模并行计算处理器核之间的通信效率,这是个非常难的事情。在这一点上,Graphcore有大量的创新,关于多核之间如何通信,如何让软件工程师和程序员处理起来比较简单。

手机在线人成视频“WOMENYOUYIGEBSPDESUANFA,SHIYINGJIANHEWOMENDERUANJIANYIQIXIETONGGONGZUODE,ZHEIYANGDUIRUANJIANGONGSILAISHUO,SUIRANCHULIQIYOU1000DUOGEHE,7000DUOGEXIANCHENG,DANSHIBUXUYAOTAIDANXINTONGXINWENTI,KEYIRANGRUANJIANGONGCHENGSHIFEICHANGFANGBIANDISHIYONG,ERQIECHULIQIHEZHIJIANDETONGXINXIAOLVFEICHANGGAO。”Nigel ToonQIANGDIAOSHUO。

Nigel ToonQIANGDIAOIPUSHIYIGEZHUANMENZHENDUIAITONGYONGQIELINGHUODECHULIQI。GONGCHENGSHIKEYITONGGUOBIANCHENGYIJINGRENDEXIAOLVLAIZUOHENDUOBUTONGDESHIQING。RUGUOYINGYONGYUYUNJISUANHUANJING,ZHEIXIANGJISHUKEYIFEICHANGQINGSONGDIJIEJUEWENTI,TAGONGNENGDUOYANG,YIYUBIANCHENG,KETIGONGJIWEIYOUXIAODEJIEGUO,ZHEIJUEDUISHIYIXIANGZHISHENGDEJISHU。

手机在线人成视频ZONGSHANGKEJIAN,GraphcoreDEIPUSHIJIEZHIMUQIANSHIMIANSHANGGONGNENGZUIWEIQIANGDAQIEZUIYIYONGDEAICHULIQIXINPIAN。BEIYUWEIYINGGUOBANDAOTIZHIFUTONGSHIYESHIArmLIANHECHUANGSHIRENDEHermann HauserXIANQIANCENGJINGZHEIYANGPINGJIAGUOGraphcore:“ZHEIZAIJISUANJILISHISHANGZHIFASHENGGUOSANCI,DIYICISHI70NIANDAIDECPU,DIERCISHI90NIANDAIDEGPU,ERGraphcoreJIUSHIDISANCIGEMING。TAMENDEXINPIANSHIZHEIGESHIJIEWEIDAXINJIAGOUDEYIZHONG。”

云服务是重要的应用市场

手机在线人成视频RENHEQIANGDADEJISHUBIXUSHICHANGHUACAINENGGOUTIXIANQIJIAZHI,GraphcoreDEIPUZHUYAOYINGYONGFANGXIANGWEIYUNJISUANFUWUQI,WEILAIYEHUIYONGYUZIDONGJIASHIQICHE。

DUIYUGraphcoreDEFAZHANGUIHUAJIIPUCHANPINDESHICHANGHUACELVE,Nigel ToonZUOLEYIXIECHANSHU:“SHOUXIAN,GONGSIYOUNIANCHUDE170RENZENGZHANGDAOLEXIANZAIDE400REN,RENYUANSHANGYIJINGLIANGBEIDUOLE;QICI,DAOXIANZAIWEIZHI,WOMENGONGRONGZILE3.25YIMEIJIN,HAIYOU2YIDUOMEIJINZAIYINXINGLI;ZAICI,WOMENZAIGENHENDUODADEZHONGYAOKEHUHEZUO,ZHEIHUIZHICHENGWOMENXIAYIBUDEJUDAZENGZHANG。”

手机在线人成视频JINJINIAN,ZHONGGUOSHICHANGCHENGZHANGWEIQUANQIUZUIDADEBANDAOTIYINGYONGSHICHANG。RUHEKANDAIZHONGGUOSHICHANGDEFAZHAN?Nigel ToonBIAOSHI,ZHONGGUOZAIGraphcoreDEZHENGGEBANTULIMIANSHIJUYOUCELVEXINGDEZHONGYAOSHICHANG,WOMENZAIZHONGGUODEYUNYINGSHANGHUIGENCHUANTONGDEWAIZIGONGSIYOUXIEBUYIYANG。SHOUXIAN,WOMENZAIZHONGGUOBUSHIZHIYOUXIAOSHOUHESHICHANG,ERSHIHUIDALITOUZIZAIJISHUNENGLIDEJIANSHESHANG,YINWEIXUYAOGENBENDIHEZUODEBUJINSHIKEHU,HAIYOUDALIANGYANJIUZHEHECHUANGXINZHE,RUHERANGIPUZAIBENDIYINGYONGDEGENGHAO,ZHONGJIANHUIYOUHENDUODINGZHIHUAKAIFADEGONGZUO,SUOYIZAIBENDIHUIYOUFEICHANGZHONGDEGONGCHENGJISHUFANGMIANDETOURU。”

在中国有两类厂商会是Graphcore的合作伙伴:

YILEISHIFUWUQICHANGSHANG。YONGHUGOUMAIDECHANPINGENGDUOSHIYITAIAIJISUANJI,SUOYIFUWUQICHANGSHANGHUISHIGraphcoreDIYILEIDEHEZUOHUOBAN。ERQIEZHEIGEHEZUOJINZHANHUIFEICHANGKUAI,GUJIZAIYOUJIGEYUEKEHUJIUHUISHANGJIAIPUDEFUWUQICHANPIN。

手机在线人成视频LINGYILEISHIYUNFUWUHEYUNJISUANCHANGSHANG。ZAIXINDESHIDAI,ITCHANPINZUIHOUTIGONGJIZUIZHONGYONGHUDEZHONGJIANLIANTIAOLI,HENZHONGYAODEJIUSHIYUNFUWUHEYUNJISUANCHANGSHANG,SUOYIGraphcoreHUIZAIQUANQIU(BUXIANYUZHONGGUOHEMEIGUO)GENYIXIEYUNFUWUQICHANGSHANGHEZUO。

11YUE13RI,GraphcoreJIUXUANBULEYUWEIRUANDEHEZUONEIRONG,BINGZHENGSHIFABUMicrosoft AzureSHANGGraphcoreZHINENGCHULIDANYUAN(IPU)DEYULANBAN。ZHEISHIGONGYOUYUNLINGDAOGONGYINGSHANGSHOUCITIGONGGrapchoreIPU,ZHEIXIEIPUCONGGOUJIANZHICHUBIANZHIZAIZHICHIXIAYIDAIJIQIXUEXI。ZHEIYIHEZUO,ZHENGMINGLEIPUYINGJIANHEPoplarRUANJIANZHANDECHENGSHUXING。

ZHIQIAN,GraphcoreYUDellJIANLILEMIQIEDEHEZUOGUANXI。DellSHIGraphcoreDETOUZIZHE,TOUGUOYUTAMENHEZUO,GraphcoreSHUNLIDIJINRUQIYEYINGYONGSHICHANG,BINGTOUGUODUOZHONGBUTONGXINGSHIJIANGQIJISHUTIGONGJIKEHU。

原创
本文为国际电子商情原创文章,未经授权禁止转载。请尊重知识产权,违者本司保留追究责任的权利。
王琼芳
国际电子商情主分析师。
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