从原型到商用 自动驾驶技术挑战多-国际电子商情

手机在线人成视频

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从原型到商用 自动驾驶技术挑战多

手机在线人成视频SUIRANJINNIANZIDONGJIASHIXIYINLEQIYE、ZHENGFU、MEITIHEXIAOFEIZHEDEPUBIANGUANZHU,DANZIDONGJIASHIMUQIANRENGCHUYUYUANXINGCESHIYANZHENGJIEDUAN……JIUJINGZIDONGJIASHICONGYUANXINGDAOSHANGYONGHUA,JIANGKENENGMIANLINNAXIETIAOZHAN?

SUIRANJINNIANZIDONGJIASHIXIYINLEQIYE、ZHENGFU、MEITIHEXIAOFEIZHEDEPUBIANGUANZHU,DANZIDONGJIASHIMUQIANRENGCHUYUYUANXINGCESHIYANZHENGJIEDUAN。DUOJIAGONGSIDOUZAILUCEZIJIDEZIDONGJIASHICHELIANG,BAOKUOWaymo、TESILA、Uber、BAIDU、DIDI,YIJICHUANTONGQICHEOEMCHANGSHANGRUTONGYONG、FUTE、FENGTIANHEDAZHONGDENG。ZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANHEXITONGFANGANGONGYINGSHANGBAOKUOYINGWEIDA、YINGTEERMobileye、DIPINGXIAN、NXPDENG。

WaymoYUANZIGUGEDEYIGEZIDONGJIASHIYANJIUXIANGMU,XIANYICHENGWEIGUGEMUGONGSIAlphabetQIXIADEYIGEDULIGONGSI。JIEZHI2018NIAN10YUE,WaymoZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGYIJINGZAIMEIGUO6GEZHOUDE25GECHENGSHIWANCHENGGONGGONGDAOLUCESHILICHENG1000WANYINGLI,QIXUNIZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGWANCHENGLE70YIYINGLIDEMONILUCE。2018NIAN12YUE,GAIGONGSIZAIMEIGUOYALISANGNEIZHOUTAIYANGCHENGZHENGSHITUICHUL4JIBIEDEZIDONGJIASHICHUZUCHEFUWU。JINNIAN7YUE,WaymoHUODEJIAZHOUZHENGFUBANFADEZAIYUNCHENGKEFUWUXUKE,JIANGZAIGUGEZONGBUFUJINDEJIGECHENGSHITIGONGWURENJIASHICHUZUFUWU。

从ADAS到完全自动驾驶

手机在线人成视频WaymoZIDONGJIASHIYANFAHELUCELISHI10NIAN,HAOZICHAOGUO10YIMEIYUAN,MUQIANYIJINGDADAOL4JIBIE,ZHEIYESHIQUANQIUZIDONGJIASHILINGYUMUQIANSUODADAODEZUIGAOJIBIE。XIAMIANWOMENDAZHIHUIGUHEZHANWANGYIXIAQICHEXINGYECONGADASDAOWANQUANZIDONGJIASHIDEFAZHANLICHENG。

图1:自动驾驶不同级别可以实现的功能及时间预测(来源:Arm)

GUOJIQICHEGONGCHENGSHIXUEHUI(SAE International)DINGYILEL0-L5LIUGEZIDONGJIASHIJIBIE。QIZHONGL0WANQUANMEIYOUJIASHIFUZHUKONGZHIGONGNENG,WOMENCONGL1KAISHIDAOL5LAIDAZHIJIESHAOZHEIWUGEJIBIE,CONGGAOJIJIASHIFUZHUKONGZHIHEWANQUANZIDONGJIASHIDEQUBIE。

• L1HEL2YIRENZIZHUJIASHIWEIZHU,ADASWEIFU。DAYUECONG2000NIANKAISHI,L1JIBIEDEJIASHIFUZHUGONGNENGKAISHICHUXIAN,BAOKUOZISHIYINGXUNHANGKONGZHI(ACC)、CHEDAOBAOCHI、ZIDONGJINJICHACHE(AEB)HEPINGXINGBOCHEXIEZHUDENG。2013NIANKAISHICHUXIANL2JIBIEDEBUFENZIDONGGONGNENG,BAOKUOFANGXIANGPANZIDONGKONGZHI、HUANDAO、JIAOTONGDUSAIXIEZHUDENG。TESILAAutoPilotXITONGJIUSHUYUL2JIBIE。

• 2018NIANCHUXIANDEL3JIBIESHIXIANLEYOUTIAOJIANDEZIDONGJIASHI,JIXUYAORENHECHETONGSHICANYU。DANZHEIZAIRENLEIXINGWEIXIGUANHEFALVCAIDINGFANGMIANDOUNANYIXIEDIAO,YINWEIYIDANBUXUYAOQUANSHENGUANZHUDIKAICHE,RENMENJIUHUIFENSHEN,ZAICHUXIANJINJIQINGKUANGCHELIANGXUYAORENGONGCANYUSHIHENNANJISHIZUOCHUFANYING,SHENZHIYOUKENENGYINWEIJIASHIYUANBUZHIDAOZIJISHIFOUYINGGAIJIERUERDAOZHISHIGU。HENDUOOEMCHECHANGHEJISHUGONGSIDOUSHENGCHENGYUEGUOL3,ZHIJIEJINRUL4,YINWEIWULUNCONGFAGUIHAISHIJISHUJIAODUL3DOUBIJIAOYOUTIAOZHAN。DANSHI,CONGYANJIUHEXUEXIDEJIAODUHAISHIYOUJIAZHIDE。

• L4HEL5YICHEWEIZHU,RENJIBENHUOWANQUANBUCANYU。L4JIBIEJIKESHIXIANGAODUZIDONGHUA,JIEFANGCHURENDEYAN、SHOUHEJIAO,CHELIANGKEYIZAIGAOSUSHANGZIDONGXINGSHIDADAO100YINGLI/XIAOSHI,SHIXIANZIDONGHUANDAOHEZIYOUXINGSHI,YUJI2024NIANJINRUSHANGYONGBUSHUJIEDUAN。L5SHIZHENZHENGDEWANQUANZIDONGJIASHI,YUJI2027NIANZIDONGJIASHICHUZUCHE(Robo-Taxi)HEWURENJIASHICHUANSUOBASHIKAISHITIGONGCHUXINGFUWU,RENMENKEYIZAIRENHEHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIAZIYOUCHENGZUO。DANMUQIANHAIMEIYOUCHANGJIADADAOL5JIBIE。

从原型测试到量产和商用部署面临的挑战

WULUNHULIANWANGJUTOU、QICHEOEMCHANGSHANG,HAISHIZIDONGJIASHIJISHUGONGSI,MUQIANDOUZAIYUANXINGCESHIHEYANZHENGJIEDUAN,ZIDONGJIASHILIPILIANGSHENGCHANHEDAGUIMOSHANGYONGBUSHUHAIYOUHENZHANGDELUYAOZOU。CONGFEIJISHUCENGMIANLAISHUO,SUOMIANLINDETIAOZHANZAIYUGAOANGDECHENGBENHEXIAOFEIZHEXINLIJIESHOUCHENGDU。CONGJISHUJIAODULAIKAN,MIANLINDENANTIBAOKUODUOYUANCHUANGANQIRONGHESUOXUYAODEGAOXINGNENGCHULIJISUANNENGLI、FUZADERUANJIANHESUANFA,YIJIZIDONGJIASHISUOYAODADAODEGONGNENGXINGANQUAN(Functional Safety)JIXINXIANQUAN(Information Security)。

o ZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGCHENGBENJUGAOBUXIA。SHIXIANL4HEL5JIBIEZIDONGJIASHIDECHELIANGYAOBIPUTONGCHELIANGEWAIHUAFEI7.5-10WANMEIYUAN,ZHIYOUCHUXINGFUWU(Mobility-as-a-Service, MaaS)YUNYINGSHANGCAINENGZHIFUDEQI,HAIYUANYUANGAOYUPUTONGXIAOFEIZHEDEZHIFUSHUIPING。GEZHONGLEIXINGDECHUANGANQISHIDAOZHIGAOANGCHENGBENDEZHUYAOYINSU。

o XIAOFEIZHEXINLIJIESHOUCHENGDU:DUIZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGANQUANDEDANXINSHIXIAOFEIZHEBUYUANJIESHOUZIDONGJIASHIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。YOUDIAOCHATONGJIXIANSHI,CHAOGUO60%DESHOUFANGZHEBUDANBUYUANYICHENGZUOZIDONGJIASHICHELIANG,YEBUYUANYIZAILUSHANGGENZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGGONGXIANGDAOLU。YAOJIANLIDUICHELIANGGONGNENGANQUANXINGDEXINRENHAIXUYAOSHIJIAN,LINGWAIXIAOFEIZHEYEDANXINLIANWANGDECHELIANGHUIZAOSHOUHEIKEGONGJIHEPOHUAI。

o 复杂繁多的传感器和信息输入源:激光雷达(LiDAR)、车载雷达、摄像头、图像处理、计算机视觉等大量数据的输入和融合需要分类处理、做出实时决策和采用相应行动。

原创
本文为国际电子商情原创文章,未经授权禁止转载。请尊重知识产权,违者本司保留追究责任的权利。
顾正书
电子工程专辑(EETimes China)主分析师。
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